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The Cairns Group

Colombia Siembra

The Colombian Government launched “Colombia Siembra” (Colombia Sows), the most ambitious plan that the country´s agricultural sector has had in the past 20 years. “Colombia Siembra” is the national agricultural policy, which aims for the rebirth of the Colombian countryside, focusing on increasing of national supply and promotion of exports.

“Colombia Siembra” targets to respond to the raising global demand for food due to constant population and income growth, to reduce Colombian´s dependency on imports (mainly grains), and as an alternative to consolidate sustainable development in the rural areas of the country.


This policy is developed based in the country´s potential to expand its agricultural frontier. According to the agro-ecological zoning map, Colombia´s agricultural potential corresponds to 19% of the national territory, meaning 26.5 million (mm) hectares (ha). From it, 11 mm ha are suitable for agricultural proposes, 6 mm ha for cattle, 4 mm ha for agroforestry and 3 mm ha for forestry production. According to FAO, Colombia ranked 4th in the world for availability of lands to expand agricultural frontier. In addition, the country ranked first in Latin America for precipitation levels and tenth globally.


The goals of the plan (2015-2018) are to raise the cultivated area by 1 million hectares, passing from 7.1 mm ha in 2014 to 8.1 mm ha in 2018, increasing exportable supply and food security. 


The following chart presents those goals by crop:

Goals per Crop (Hectares)




2018 (Goal)

Technified corn


Palm Oil






Silvopastoral system
















The agribusiness sector plays a major role in Colombian economy. It shares 6.2% of its GDP, a higher share compare to Latin American´s and the World´s average (5% and 3%). It also represents the 16% of employed population of the country. Its agricultural exports are mainly banana, coffee, flowers, palm oil and sugar.


Colombian market has been growing as a result of the entry into force of 16 free trade agreements with 47 countries. The country aims to seize the potential of their products in international markets in order to increase exports, and diversify the products to be offered. Fruits, bovine meat, fish farming, among others, are potential products that could be offered in international markets.

“Colombia Siembra” stands on 8 tools (incentives and investments lines) to reach its goals. These are: 

  • Special Credit Lines (LEC): Favourable financial conditions for farmers. In 2016 it got COP$ 60,926 million budget, benefiting 2.928 farmers (17% of national total) in 592 municipalities and developed 84.449 ha.


  • Rural Capitalization Incentive (ICR): Incentive for projects focused on modernizing and improving the competitiveness of agriculture. In 2016 it got COP$ 189,325 million budget, benefiting 25,732 farmers in 536 municipalities and developed 16.756 new ha.


  • Agricultural Insurance Incentive (ISA): Prevention tool for climate risk. In 2016 it granted COP$42,997 million, insured 13,323 farmers in 116 municipalities with 177,906 hectares.


  • Agricultural Collateral Fund (FAG): Specialized fund of credits and micro credits for natural or legal persons, aiming to fund agricultural and rural projects.


  • Other projects are Technical Assistance, Producers Associations Technical Assistance Incentive, Production Chains and Productive Alliances.

Finally, during the first year of implementation (2016) the Policy has reached 278,792 new harvested hectares. Rice, fruits, corn and palm oil are the leading crops in terms of expanded area, sharing 45.6%, 10.3%, 9.2% and 8.8% respectively.


You can find further information in the following file: Colombia Siembra -CG.pdf

We also invite you to see our promotional video on Youtube: 



Last Updated: 29 June 2017

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